But this is not a mere inert blueprint which is separable from the building it describes ; this is a living blueprint that becomes what its human nature demands. Yet even if one is not sure when personhood becomes a reality, one should err on the side of being conservative simply because so much is at stake. That is, if one aborts a fetus who is already a person, one commits a deep moral wrong by wrongfully killing an innocent human life.
Just as we do not shoot target practice when we are told there may be children playing behind the targets, we should not abortion fetuses if they may be persons with the right not to be killed. As I have argued, it cannot be disputed that abortion kills a living, human being. Many argue that outside considerations experienced by the mother should overrule the moral value of the human embryo.
If a woman does not want a pregnancy, she may abort. But these quality of life considerations always involve issues of lesser moral weight than that of the conservation and protection of a unique human life which considers the sanctity or innate and intrinsic value of a human life.
Moreover, a baby can be put up for adoption and bring joy to others. There are many others who do want the child and would give him or her great love and support. Furthermore, it is not uncommon for women to experience deep regrets after aborting their offspring.
The only exemption to giving priority to the life of the fetus would be if there were a real threat to the life of the mother were the pregnancy to continue. To abort the pregnancy would be tragic but allowable in this imperfect world.
Some mothers will nonetheless choose to continue the pregnancy to their own risk, but this is not morally required. It should be noted that these life-threatening situations are extremely rare. This pro-life argument does not rely on any uniquely religious assumptions, although some religious people will find it compelling.
I take it to be an item of natural law what can be known about morality by virtue of being human that human life has unique value. A case can be made against abortion by using the Bible only the Hebrew Bible or both the Hebrew Bible and New Testament combined as the main moral source, but I have not given that argument here.
If the argument is to be refuted, one or more of those principles or the reasoning employed needs to be refuted.
Although at the beginning of this essay I claimed I would not take up the legal reasoning related to abortion, one simple point follows from my argument. In nearly every case, abortion should be illegal simply because the Constitution requires that innocent human life be protected from killing. Grand Rapids , MI: Zondervan , , This book is on line at: George and Christopher Tollefsen, Embryo: You do make the case for your argument, and anyone sharing your axioms would agree.
But of course you are already aware that, leaving nutheads from either side apart, the differences arise from the axioms: In any case, your argument renders it morally correct that a woman be forced to endure the pregnancy of a child conceived during rape.
And since you are relying on natural law to sustain your case, dont't you find that to be morally very wrong, based on "what can be known about morality by virtue of being human"? Singer argues against speciesism, saying that belonging to a particular species is not morally relevant. You can test this position with specific thought experiments. And you say "human beings have unique and incomparable value in the world.
I'm sure that we all agree that humans are "unique", not even Singer would disagree. And your "imcomparable" is wrong, since you do compare them with other animals, to say that we are superior. As for the right to privacy being fictional.
The Constitution clearly recognizes that the rights it puts in writing are not an exhaustive list. The right to privacy was not created in Roe but before Roe. It's interesting to note that without a right to privacy not only could the state do things like prohibit married couples from using contraception, they could also do the opposite, such as mandate contraception for 'undesirable' married couples or try to order some women to get pregnant and have children to, say, achieve some goal of population growth 2.
The right to take a life in certain cases seems to need some thought. I have a right to take a life to, say, protect my home from invasion by robbers even if those robbers do not intend to kill me. I have a right to say no to a request that I donate my kidney even though the burden on me may be minimal and my refusal will result in certain death of a sympathetic person.
Like many pro-lifers, you seem to confuse the moral problems with the state deciding abortion with the state simply not deciding. In a world where the state is forcing people to have abortions such as is said to happen in China under their 'one child' policy even to this day , the state is morally accountable for the decision to abort as it removes the ability of the woman to do anything In contrast Roe simply moves the burden of evaluating the morality of abortion onto the individual woman.
This seems pretty natural. Spin all the political theories you want about personhood, social contracts, etc. That doesn't alter the fact that we come into the world not through governments, laws, or even marriages but through the bodies of women. It's pretty much accepted that different sovereigns have different jurisdictions. For example, if I accidently kill someone my actions are judged usually by state laws and if I'm convicted of a crime it's usually by a state jury except in certain circumstances where jurisdiction might fall to the Federal gov't or even in the case of some war crimes to an international tribunal.
Simply, when you're an individual in a state you're under state jurisdiction, when you're a cell in a womb your under woman's jurisdiction. Might the woman make an immoral call? Then again states make immoral calls all the time. Innocent people are convicted, guilty people not, guilty people get convicted but are given punishments that are unjustly harsh etc.
As you said it's an imperfect world. Mother's on average probably do a better job than gov'ts but you still have to take a pretty high 'error rate' like it or not. Regardless of whether or not you like the 'natural' idea that women have sovereignty in this area because it's their bodies and their burden because that's just how nature designed humans, pro-lifers often gloss over the distinction between choosing abortion and simply not acting to stop abortion or punish it afterwards.
Pro-lifers, for example, often bemoan Roe because it took abortion 'out of the hands of the states'. But before Roe many states had legalized abortion and absolutely no state punished abortion as murder. Even today when the subject comes up of whether pro-lifers would actually treat women who have abortions as murders, the response is to sow confusion or engage in some creative forms of denial, such as a pseudo-feminist claim that women who get abortions are 'also victims' Legal arguments then, such as a 14th amendment argument against abortion, should honestly be discussed not as returning a pre-Roe status quo but actually a radical change in legal thought.
I won't respond to the legal argument, but I agree with the dissenting opinion in Roe that this was an act of "raw judicial power. That is simply why abortion should be criminalized. A woman has no sovereignty or autonomy over the other life within her.
That should be valued virtuously. By decriminalizing abortion, the state opened the doors to 52 million abortion, the vast majority of which were not needed to save the life or even improve the health of mother. Incomparable concerns value; it does not means there is no comparison whatsoever, but that we have a unique value not on a par with anything else.
You are giving a jaundiced reading of the word to try to make me look silly, but there is nothing wrong with the way I used the word,. Saturday, January 22, Why I am Pro-life: Persuasive essays on abortion should introduce convincing evidence and facts, based on statistics, history, opinions of experts, logical explanations and real life stories.
Stay objective and stick to the facts, appealing to emotions from time to time. There are a lot of persuasive articles on abortion on the Internet. They can become very helpful in your research on the topic. You can boldly refer to them as well as to other reliable sources of information, such as those mentioned above. In order to illustrate the process of writing this type of paper, it would be reasonable to give a short example of a persuasive essay on abortion. Abortion is the practice of termination of pregnancy by the removal of the human fetus from the womb.
It was forbidden in the United States of America until the well-known court case that took place in , and today it is known as Roe v. Roe was the first pregnant woman who won the case, and since then, abortion became legal. Their opinions are polarized into two main groups: The Pro-choice argument is that abortion must be legal, and there should be no interference of the government, and the pro-life argument is that fetus is a human being from the moment of conception, and it is wrong to resort to the abortion in terms of human rights, law, and morality.
However, some people claim that abortion must be legal as the fetus is not a human being yet. Humanity has practiced the termination of pregnancy since ancient times. However, there is no mention of abortion law. At the same time, Stuart W. So is it really a human being? Bridget, a woman who was pregnant once, found out that her son will never be able to live as a full-fledged human being because of the congenital disease.
The legislation of abortion gives her a choice to decide whether or not her son should be born and live with severe medical problems incompatible with life and whether he should suffer during his lifetime.
In conclusion, it should be mentioned that it is a rather sensitive issue that leaves nobody indifferent. However, the debate on it continues to leave the opinion on it uncertain and divided, mostly when it comes to the economic, social, personal reasons, which are considered by many to be insubstantial. However, there are specific circumstances that may cause women from all over the world to resort to the termination of pregnancy.
It is not reasonable to make it illegal, as it will not change the situation, and it will lead to the increase of the number of victims who die from poorly performed surgical procedures. This statement can be used in a high school persuasive essay on abortion, and many previously mentioned ideas can provide a basic understanding of how to write a good essay on this topic. The advanced paper would demand more information and attention to the details.
As now the subject is rather clear, there are several next steps to take in order to write a good essay on this subject. The first one is narrowing the topic. In order to find an appropriate one among the variety of the abortion research essay topics, use books, articles, encyclopedias and other reliable literature to define the final topic.
This will be rather helpful in order to make your topic clear and give the further understanding of how to write a research paper on abortion.
The better topic would be the one answering the question why you think it should be illegal. So, the better topic would be: There is a vast variety of the abortion research paper topics to choose from, all you need to do is to find the most appropriate for the requirements of your research. The next step would be to define your thesis or objectives. Your purpose in writing of this type of paper is to prove the validity of your thesis.
It will organize your notes when you start the investigation. Start with listing the themes that you want to highlight in your paper. Then, divide the topics into main topics and subtopics.
Your outline should contain an introduction and a thesis statement, several paragraphs of the body and conclusion. You can also think of a format in which you will write the essay; it can be written in chronological order or in a comparison-contrast format.
Abortion research paper outline example is the following:. As you can see, the introduction paragraph for abortion essay of this type should be formed of general information on the topic, a short historical review, and a thesis statement.
The main body should expand the ideas from each section of the outline. And the conclusion should summarize your research and prove your thesis. If you decide to write a research paper against abortion, make sure to explain your position on why you are against it, search for reliable sources that demonstrate the negative influence of such procedures, introduce the real testimonies of those who have resorted to it, discuss the political and social matter of the issue, use scientific research that defends your statement.
Drawing upon your outline and notes, you can also turn to research questions about abortion. They can be different, for example, is it a matter of human rights or, are is it a matter of women rights, or maybe both?
Should people reference to Bible when discussing this issue? Is it better to make it illegal and would it be a good or bad decision? Eventually, this draft will be revised and there no need to focus on stylistic requirements and avoiding grammatical mistakes. You should focus on the content of the research essay on abortion, taking into account your outline, drawing upon your notes. After having completed the draft, check if each topic in the main body correlates with the thesis, also take notice of pieces of evidence, check if each idea is supported by facts.
After that, compose a final draft. Here you should pay attention to stylistic requirements of the paper. It should contain citations and references, title page if required. These steps can help you start completing your assignment and elucidate how to write the research paper.
We do hope that these tips will help you write an excellent paper, and in case you face too many difficulties, you can buy research paper online at our website. A cause and effect essay is a paper where writer introduces causes and then describes the possible implications. First, you should decide what should be the cause and what exactly should be the effect.
If the termination of pregnancy is the cause, then you will want to describe possible consequences, such as physiological and psychological complications. If the procedure is the effect, you will describe the causes that have led to this measure. Choose your strategy and mind that the essay can be informative or convincing.
It will give direction to the flow of the essay while gathering data and making notes. Usually, this type of an essay consists of 5 paragraphs, including introduction, a paragraph where the cause of the issue is introduced, the paragraph where the effect is highlighted, and the paragraph where these two are combined.
As usual, they are followed by the conclusion. We believe that the tips mentioned above will help, but if you need more information on how to write a good cause and effect essay , you can always count on us and ask our support team in chat.
This type of an essay uses irony, humor, and hyperbole to ridicule the topic. This essay is intended to entertain the readers, but it also should be eye-opening and useful. The main purpose is to make readers see the absurdity of the issue, which is discussed.
You can resort to exaggeration in order to criticize it or say something absolutely opposite to what you really mean to express discrepancy between the expectations and real happening. Make jokes in order to receive the desirable reaction, because this is the shortest way to make the reader think as you do. This type of essay implies the explanation of a certain topic or a number of ideas to a particular audience. It has basic requirements, though.
It contains an introduction and thesis, main body and conclusion. It also should be a 5-paragraph essay, where the main body consists of three paragraphs. It can be more sections of the main body, but not less. A 5-page essay on abortion can comprehensively describe the topic and explain the main points.
Compose your outline, list certain examples, which can demonstrate the main points of your topic. It can be a personal experience or real stories from life. Make sure that there is a connection between the thesis and examples. In conclusion, it is better to give a concise overview in conjunction with a forecast or recommendations for the future.
Before starting to write the essay and after conducting a proper research on the subject, you should compose the outline. Define the appropriate topic on abortion.
Introduction paragraph should highlight the subject of the paper; in this case, the subject is the termination of pregnancy. In this section the reader should also be informed on how the paper is organized, it can be a concise introduction of general evidence that proves your thesis. And the last part of it should be the thesis. It should clearly express your point of view on the topic.
This is what the essay on abortion introduction should be. The main body of the essay should be composed of arguments connected to the thesis supported by evidence.
If required, there can also be several counterarguments and their refutation. Termination of pregnancy is a rather sensitive subject to write about; it is recommended to choose the abortion counterarguments, that you can convincingly refute in order to link it to the thesis.
It is especially effective in the essay on pros and cons of abortion. The main body is followed by a conclusion. Make sure that it concisely restates all the main arguments supporting the main idea, summarize all the introduced information in order to tie it up to the thesis. In order to make your writing project really attractive, you should use some writing techniques, which can notably improve and mark it out among the numerous amount of others.
There are a lot of abortion essays on the Internet, and in order to make someone want to read yours, you should define the audience that you are addressing in your paper. Depending on the audience, the tactic will also change. For example, if your audience is a professor, the method of drawing attention will differ from the one when you are addressing your topic to your classmates or groupmates, as well as other possible social groups. Define if your target group is captive.
If it is a professor or an admission person, your objective will be to encourage them to give you a good grade or to persuade them to admit you into the university. And besides, they are obliged to read your paper, because it is their job. When the target group is not paid for reading your project, you should think about how to draw their attention so that they would be interested in reading particularly your paper, because there is a huge chance that they will skip your paper and choose another one instead.
As there was mentioned before, termination of pregnancy is a rather popular topic and the abortion essay hooks will be a lifeline of your paper.
When you understand what your audience is, the next step is to figure out what your readers want to read about, what are they interested in. Are they looking for entertainment? Are they willing to solve their problem? Maybe they want to find some particular information? Or they are interested in your personal thoughts?
There are no strict rules of composing a good hook. After defining the target group and its motivation, define the purpose of your paper. It can be an argumentative essay or a persuasive essay, it can also be a cause and effect essay or satiric essay, it can be a research project or expository essay, etc.
Depending on the type of paper, the purpose will change. In some cases, the purpose is to describe the topic, and in others, it is to convince the reader in your rightness regarding the arguments that you provide on the matter. Sometimes, it has to be an informative writing or a descriptive one, and sometimes it is exploratory. A good hook should be supposed to evoke some feelings, and you are to determine what they should feel like after reading it, motivated to act in a certain way or become interested in your life story, get scared or entertained.
A good hook represents the objective of your paper and what you want to share with. To make it completely clear, you can look through several abortion essay examples, which have similar objectives to your own essay, so it can be rather helpful. When you are writing an argumentative essay, you should focus on choosing a good topic.
It is one of the most sensitive issues to write about. It belongs to ten of the most disputable themes: Argument essay topics on abortion can be narrowed to the specific position on pro-life or pro-choice. Your task is to define which position you will defend and from what point of view. You can highlight it in terms of religion, morality, law, human rights, ethics, health, etc.
The conclusion is intended to summarize the entire project; this is where you should revise your hook sentence, your thesis, and major ideas. There is a wide range of abortion research topics to choose from, here is the list of possible interesting ones:.
The best way to learn how to write not just a good but a top-notch essay on abortion is to follow the instructions in conjunction with following the best essay examples. It will give you an idea of how to compose a well-structured paper. Good samples are sophisticated and contain an advanced vocabulary; they are saturated with rich sentence structure and complex grammatical structures. At the same time, examples of abortion essays can be useful in demonstrating the basic principles of writing, they represent the structure of the required type of work and help you understand the flow of the idea: They can help you look at the topic comprehensively revealing the issue from different sides, giving you direction and inspiring you.
Abortion essay outline example can inspire you to write a really decent outline for your own topic, boosting the writing process and accelerating it. They can also become very helpful to save your time, give you direction and focus on the most important ideas, which are already gathered together in the best way. There is no need to reinvent the wheel, all you will need to do is to make it original, unique, and bright in terms of language and supporting evidence.
As it was mentioned before, a sample essay on abortion can not only give an insight of the practical application of a certain style or literature device, but it can encourage you, relying upon the recognized analog of the best variant of the required paper, to write your own masterpiece. Using the best solutions from different samples, you can win the attention of your audience and achieve the desired effect. If you are stuck with your research or feel a lack of time, or you have a very important essay that is vital for your future, as an assignment, it would be a good idea to resort to a free essay on abortion as soon as possible.
In the combination of following the instructions on the structure and style with your own efforts, it will quickly give you a notion of where to start from and how to move on, how to make it comprehensive, grammatically and stylistically correct, rich in terms of language and content. Now when you have a guideline about how to write research papers, argumentative essays, and corresponding types of papers, you may want to take a look at abortion research paper examples, argumentative essays and other examples of different types of papers on this topic.
You can easily find them on the Internet and on our website as well. The two opposing points of views can indicate advantages and disadvantages of termination of pregnancy. In the advantages of abortion essays, one can highlight the issue in terms of the positive effect of this measure. For example, to emphasize the positive side of this procedure, you can focus on various aspects.
The positive effects of abortion essays can describe the issue in terms of the possible life course of a woman who took a decision to resort to the procedure. If she is a teenager, she will get an opportunity to devote herself to the education; if she is unmarried, she will increase her chances to get married; if she is poor, she will be able to stand on her own feet and give birth to the child at a better time, so that the child will be able to grow in a full family of mature and educated parents.
If you are to write a disadvantages of abortion essay, it would be reasonable to stick to the following arguments. Physical and psychological complications can follow the procedure of termination of pregnancy, a woman can experience health complications and unbearable sense of guilt throughout her entire life, it can also cause a pressure from the society, it can also lead to infertility.
Consequences of abortion essay should describe the issue from both sides. It can cause long-term effects and short-term effects. Among the long-term consequences are health complications and death. The short-term effects include increased breast cancer risk, infertility, post-traumatic stress disorder, sexual dysfunction.
However, the issue can remain a philosophical question, even though it has a practical influence on a daily life of humanity. You can still try to find the answer to this question posing it in a philosophical essay on abortion. Humanity representatives of different cultures and countries have not established a common understanding of what is right regarding this extremely debatable topic.
Basically, you are required to consider the issue in accordance with the necessary thesis. You should explain it, provide the supporting arguments, offer an objection and defend your thesis against the objection to it, describe the issue in terms of pros and cons, provide the reader with possible consequences it might have. There is a good example of a decent philosophical essay on the topic by Carl Sagan. Carl Sagan essay on abortion raises the most arguable questions regarding the debatable issue.
Order now Log in. The Con-Pro pattern should contain: All these three patterns are recommended for short argumentative essay on abortion. It consists of the introduction, two parts of the main body and conclusion. The first part includes three parts with counterclaim points with refutations, and the second part with three claim points and supporting arguments. Our tips on how to write an argumentative essay about abortion TIP 1 — Search Before you start writing an argumentative essay on abortion, the most important thing you should do is search for information.
TIP 3 — Strong intro. TIP 4 — Facts, facts and even more facts. TIP 5 — Apply your knowledge As you can now produce two completely different points of view, it is time to start writing the heart of an argumentative essay — the main part. Here are the most common situations, when a woman either wants or needs to have an abortion: There is a high risk of death while giving birth either for the woman or the fetus. Note that reasons may vary: The fetus might have a genetic disease or any other anomaly, so that it will suffer after the birth.
The woman was raped or it was incest. In both of the cases woman suffers a high level of stress and giving birth will definitely not reduce it. A mentally ill person cannot take a proper care of a baby or give birth safely.
Besides, the disease can be passed to the child. The woman is too young to be a parent, has no financial resources or the child is unwanted. If she gives birth, there is a high possibility that a child will end up being uneducated, with no opportunities for the future, in jail or even dead at the early age.
A fetus becomes an actual person when it has an independent body. This is one of the arguments that proves abortion is not a murder. Women can get pregnant even using contraceptives.
So it is not about her being irresponsible. Well, it is a common fact that the world is overpopulated, so there is no need to make the situation worse.
This argument sounds pretty rude, even though it is true, but still be careful on this one. Therefore, here are the examples of the pro-life arguments: Serious risks during and after procedure: Firstly, many of them regret not giving a birth, and that usually results in depression.
Also, there is a higher possibility to get a breast cancer after aborting a baby. Many families want to have children but have problems conceiving it. A woman may not abort a baby but give it for adoption so other people can care about it.
Many women are just being irresponsible by not using contraception. Baby feels the pain while being aborted. There is no common opinion in how many weeks exactly baby starts feeling pain and no doctor will give you the right answer, but when aborted late — it certainly does.
Baby is alive inside the mother, so as every being it has its rights. If killing a small child or even kicking a pregnant woman in a stomach is a crime, then why it is ok to kill a child that is growing and functioning with a help of his mother? In most religions, abortion is a huge sin. Aborting a baby is a proof, that human life means nothing. That is where you can turn on your inner philosopher and think deeply about this, but try to stick to the topic. TIP 6 — Choose the side.
Persuasive essay on Abortion Persuasive essay is an essay where you try to convince everybody who reads the paper that a certain idea, which is discussed in it, is absolutely right. Research paper on Abortion As now the subject is rather clear, there are several next steps to take in order to write a good essay on this subject. Abortion research paper outline example is the following: Statistics, laws Stages of fetus development Conscious awareness Conclusion As you can see, the introduction paragraph for abortion essay of this type should be formed of general information on the topic, a short historical review, and a thesis statement.
Abortion Essay. Abortion Thou shall not murder is one of the Ten Commandments from the Bible. Is a mother's right to choose considered murder?
"Argumentative Essay Against Abortion" Essays and Research Papers Argumentative Essay Against Abortion ABORTION SHOULD NOT BE LEGAL The definition of abortion, also called voluntary abortion, is the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy.
- An Argument Against Abortion Abortion is a serious topic that people have been debating about for years. Everywhere you turn the topic of abortion presents itself, . The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. I believe /5(9).
Argument Against Abortion. 3 Pages Words. Reflection Paper – Abortion The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it . Free Essays from Bartleby | Argument against HRSDC Arguments against HRSDC In the year , the government of Canada announced the creation of two new.