After its translation into Russian, it was banned by Stalin's government in all Soviet-ruled areas. The story opens as the barnyard animals of Manor Farm discuss a revolution against their master, the tyrannical and drunken farmer Mr. Old Major, an aging boar, gives a rousing speech in the barn urging his fellow animals to get rid of Jones and rely on their own efforts to keep the farm running and profitable. Identified as the smartest animals in the group, the pigs—led by the idealistic Snowball and the ruthless Napoleon—successfully plan and lead the revolution.
After Jones and his wife are forced from the farm, the animals look forward to a society where all animals are equal and live without the threat of oppression. But soon, the pigs begin to assume more power and adjust the rules to suit their own needs.
They create and implement an ideological system, complete with jingoistic songs and propaganda as well as strict rules. Once partners and friends, Napoleon and Snowball disagree on several issues regarding the governing of the farm. Snowball's attempted coup is repelled by a pack of wild dogs—controlled by Napoleon—who also enforce punishment against the other animals when they oppose or question Napoleon's rule. Before long, the pigs separate themselves from the other animals on the farm and begin to indulge in excessive drinking and other decadent behavior.
Under the protection of the dogs, they consolidate their iron-fisted rule and begin eliminating any animal they consider useless or a threat to their power. Animal Farm ends with the majority of the animals in the same position as in the beginning of the story: Critics note that like many classical animal fables, Animal Farm is an allegory—in this case, of the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin's tyrannical government.
It is generally accepted that Orwell constructed his story to reflect this purpose: Manor Farm represents Russia; Mr. Jones is the tsar; the pigs represent the Bolsheviks, the bureaucratic power elite; Snowball is Leon Trotsky, who lost a power struggle with Stalin; Napoleon is Stalin; and Napoleon's dogs are Stalin's secret police, known as the GPU.
The corruption of absolute power is a major theme in Animal Farm. As most of the animals hope to create a utopian system based on the equality of all animals, the pigs—through greed and ruthlessness—manipulate and intimidate the other animals into subservience. Critics note that Orwell was underlining a basic tenet of human nature: In that sense Animal Farm is regarded as a cautionary tale, warning readers of the pitfalls of revolution.
Animal Farm is regarded as a successful blend of political satire and animal fable. Completed in , the book remained unpublished for more than a year because British publishing firms declined to offend the country's Soviet allies.
It has been translated into many languages but was banned by Soviet authorities throughout the Soviet-controlled regions of the world because of its political content. As a result of the book's resounding commercial success, Orwell was freed from financial worries for the first time in his life. A few years after its publication, it attracted critical controversy because of its popularity amongst anticommunist factions in the United States; Orwell was alarmed that these forces were using his short novel as propaganda for their political views.
In the subsequent years, Animal Farm has been interpreted from feminist, Marxist, political, and psychological perspectives, and it is perceived as an important and relevant book in the post-World War II literary canon. Moreover, it is considered one of Orwell's most lasting achievements. Critical Essays essays ; also published as Dickens, Dali, and Others Need a custom research paper on George Orwell?
Click here to buy a custom term paper. Other sample model essays: This book is about a farm with animals who disl Almost all the animals had a very bad memory so they were not able to remember things of major signifigance. After a little while the pigs would mention the past and the animals would not remembe Animal Instinct What would life be like without a mother or a father? What would life be like without any adult supervision? How would a person act if they did not have society to tell them what Many people feel that animals have no rights and are here solely for our use.
Humans are animals too, we shouldn't take advantage of other animals just because they can't reason like us. Marxism Characters, items, and events found in George Orwells book, Animal Farm, can be compared to similar characters, items, and events found in Marxism and the Russian Stalin's five-year plan was made to upgrade Russia and bring it current with the rest of the world within a five-year period.
Anna Karenina Throughout life there are situations which arise that seem to have been hinted e Characters and the Life Novel By examining the character list, one immediately notices the value Tolstoy places on character. With one hundred and forty named characters and s The way that she behaves, and the decisions that she makes, effect the way that th The Heretical Poet The purpose of this research is to discuss heretical elements in the poetry of Anne Bradstreet The experience with Dream Essay is stress free.
Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer is absolutely excellent. This writer provides the highest quality of work possible. Dream Essay is excellent. Writer is excellent. This portrays when Stalin reinstalled the Russian Orthodox Church. Orwell uses him to show how communism and Stalin exploit religion as something with which to appease the oppressed.
Stalin and Napoleon both needed to pacify the people or animals they oppressed. Snowball starts to teach the animals to read, while Napoleon takes a group of puppies to educate them. This scares all of the animals and makes them fear the power that Napoleon now holds. He adapts himself in becoming a powerful, forceful, and uncanny leader that all animals will respect and not question his authority. Stalin possessed the ability to frighten people and to cover their faces with fear, because of his sheer strength and power he held.
But notice the difference: The Pigs in Animal Farm wanted animals to be equal without the ruling power of the humans. They seeked this equality through a democracy trying to preserve liberty.
What ended up happening was not their original intent. Napoleon quickly rises to power and begins to act more and more like a human being. He is sleeping in a bed, drinking whisky, and engaging in trade with other farmers going against the original Animalist principles that he instilled. George Orwell based this story on the Soviet Union during the Stalin era. The characters portray actual people in the Russian Revolution.
The animals hoped for better lives but in the end, it just became more worse. In the Soviet Union, the ruling class was supposed to help detect major problems of the society but failed to do so which resulted in it remaining the same and even worsening. The pigs tried their best to eliminate practices of humans from all of the animals in order for them to effectively dominate as leaders. But the humans they originally rebelled against were better leaders than Napoleon and Snowball.
In the actual historical event, Stalin masked the Czar with a good personality and made him appear as a kind, trustworthy leader.
In reality he was the complete opposite and took advantage of this propaganda. Animal Farm is a perfect portrayal of how your goal can be lost on the way to achieving it. One can also learn that equality through socialism is only achieved through restraint and servitude, just as Alexis de Tocqueville said. That true equality comes from liberty through democracy.
- George Orwell's Animal Farm George Orwell wrote ‘Animal Farm’ as an allegory, which is a simple story, with a more complicated idea running alongside it. In this case, it is a story about a group of pigs taking over a farm, and the story of the Russian Revolution is told underneath it.
This free English Literature essay on Essay: Animal Farm by George Orwell is perfect for English Literature students to use as an example.
SOURCE: Review of Animal Farm, by George Orwell. Times Literary Supplement (25 August ): [In the following review, the reviewer considers Orwell's views on revolution and dictatorship as. Animal Farm by George Orwell. The short novel Animal Farm that was published in is being considered as one of the most enduring writings of George Orwell.
Essay by George Orwell 9-J March 17, 1 George Orwell's Animal Farm is a political satire of a totalitarian society ruled by a mighty dictatorship, in all probability an allegory for the events surrounding the Russian Revolution of The animals of "Manor Farm" overthrow their human master after a long history of mistreatment. - Animal Farm Essay by George Orwell In the book Animal Farm, by George Orwell, the idea of how power can corrupt is depicted in the novel. The theme of the novel is “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.