Some people feel that boarding schools where students or pupils live at school during the term are an excellent option for children, while other people disagree for many reasons. Consider both sides of this debate and conclude. Boarding schools are the educational institutes, where candidate reside at the school premises for the entire session. Few individuals consider boarding schools to be the better option for pupils, whereas others disagree with this opinion due to numerous reasons of their own.
I will analyze both these opinions, before coming up with my viewpoint in the following paragraphs. One school of thought argues that students should not be sent to boarding schools as there they might come across depression and homesickness.
Most of the children spend their childhood with their parents, siblings, and grandparents. And, when they are suddenly left alone in the boarding schools, they tend to get depressed and homesick, when they do not see any of their family members nearby.
Boys and girls were kept separate, and even siblings rarely interacted, further weakening family ties. Violations of these rules were severely punished. Residential school students did not receive the same education as the general population in the public school system, and the schools were sorely underfunded. Teachings focused primarily on practical skills. Girls were primed for domestic service and taught to do laundry, sew, cook, and clean.
Boys were taught carpentry, tinsmithing, and farming. Many students attended class part-time and worked for the school the rest of the time: This work, which was involuntary and unpaid, was presented as practical training for the students, but many of the residential schools could not run without it. With so little time spent in class, most students had only reached grade five by the time they were At this point, students were sent away. Many were discouraged from pursuing further education.
Abuse at the schools was widespread: Survivors recall being beaten and strapped; some students were shackled to their beds; some had needles shoved in their tongues for speaking their native languages.
In , government medical inspector P. Bryce reported that 24 percent of previously healthy Aboriginal children across Canada were dying in residential schools.
Bryce reported that anywhere from 47 percent on the Peigan Reserve in Alberta to 75 percent from File Hills Boarding School in Saskatchewan of students discharged from residential schools died shortly after returning home. In addition to unhealthy conditions and corporal punishment, children were frequently assaulted, raped, or threatened by staff or other students. During the sentencing of Arthur Plint, a dorm supervisor at the Port Alberni Indian Residential School convicted of 16 counts of indecent assault, B.
The extent to which Department of Indian Affairs and church officials knew of these abuses has been debated. However, the Royal Commission of Aboriginal Peoples and Dr John Milloy, among others, concluded that church and state officials were fully aware of the abuses and tragedies at the schools. Some inspectors and officials at the time expressed alarm at the horrifying death rates, yet those who spoke out and called for reform were generally met with silence and lack of support.
Some former students have fond memories of their time at residential schools, and certainly some of the priests and nuns who ran the schools treated the students as best they could given the circumstances. I have to wear special gloves because the cold weather really hurts my hands. I tried very hard not to cry when I was being beaten and I can still just turn off my feelings…. By the s, it was clear that assimilation was not working. Aboriginal cultures survived, despite all the efforts to destroy them and despite all the damage done.
The devastating effects of the residential schools and the particular needs and life experiences of Aboriginal students were becoming more widely recognized. The government decided to allow Aboriginal children to live with their families whenever possible, and the schools began hiring more qualified staff. Yet the schools remained underfunded and abuse continued. In the meantime, the government decided to phase out segregation and begin incorporating Aboriginal students into public schools. Although these changes saw students reaching higher levels of education, problems persisted.
Many Aboriginal students struggled in their adjustment to public school and to a Eurocentric system in which Aboriginal students faced discrimination by their non-Aboriginal peers. Post-secondary education was still considered out of reach for Aboriginal students, and those students who wanted to attend university were frequently discouraged from doing so.
The process to phase out the residential school system and other assimilation tactics was slow and not without reversals. In part, this is the legacy of compromised families and communities left by the residential schools. The last residential school did not close its doors until In many ways, this is a misconception.
There is, in addition, an intergenerational effect: These include transmitted personal trauma and compromised family systems, as well as the loss in Aboriginal communities of language, culture, and the teaching of tradition from one generation to another. According to the Manitoba Justice Institute, residential schools laid the foundation for the epidemic we see today of domestic abuse and violence against Aboriginal women and children. As adults, many of them lack adequate parenting skills and, having only experienced abuse, in turn abuse their children and family members.
The high incidence of domestic violence among Aboriginal families results in many broken homes, perpetuating the cycle of abuse and dysfunction over generations. Many observers have argued that the sense of worthlessness that was instilled in students by the residential school system contributed to extremely low self-esteem.
This has manifested itself in self-abuse, resulting in high rates of alcoholism, substance abuse, and suicide. Among First Nations people aged 10 to 44, suicide and self-inflicted injury is the number one cause of death, responsible for almost 40 percent of mortalities. They struggle to fit in but face discrimination from both societies, which makes it difficult to obtain education and skills.
Lack of physical exercise contributes to development of long term health complications especially in late adulthood because of poor borne development Waldram et al. The mixing of students from different social backgrounds, family set-ups sometimes lead to development of certain behavioral problems.
For example, behavioral problems like drug abuse, alcoholism and sexual abuse developed in some of the residential facilities Wilson et al. These exposed the Aboriginal population in the residential schools to further health risks. The impact of drug abuse on the mental and the physical health of an individual is very severe. Unfortunately once these behaviors developed, they were not addressed effectively. Sexually transmitted diseases that spread as a result of irresponsible behavior greatly affected the health of the victims.
Dealing with the Health Challenges Residential School System Residential school system was generally a coercive initiative imposed on the Aboriginal population. In order to address these challenges, the first initiative will be to review the residential school policies so that it is not made compulsory for a child to be enrolled in the residential school system Singer, The policies should focus on defining the minimum age at which a child can be enrolled in a residential school system.
For example, young children below 12 years should not be enrolled into residential school. This will enhance normal emotional and psychological development in the formative stages of life.
Besides, this initiative will eliminate the emotional torture caused by exposure of a young child to a new environment away from the family members with whom a child has an emotional attachment. All the residential school facilities should operate on condition that they have adequate medical facilities and health professionals. This will ensure that the healthcare needs of the students enrolled in these facilities are addressed as a matter of urgency. For example, the residential school policy should put as a requirement that each facility has a nurse and a qualified doctor in the night and the day shift depending on the number of students enrolled in the facility Warry, Besides, the residential schools should have health facilities such as dispensary within their proximity to attend to the health needs of the residents Kendrick, Professional such psychiatrists, counselors, and social workers should be deployed in the residential school facilities to attend to the emotional needs of the children.
The residential institutions should also have facilities that can adequately support the health needs of the residents. For example, the accommodation facilities should be adequate enough to accommodate the residents effectively. This will eliminate healthcare problems associated with overcrowding and lack of other accommodation facilities.
Sanitation and hygiene standards should be kept high in the residential schools. The residential schools should only operate on the condition that there is a high standard of hygiene and sanitation.
Detailed Outline WR J. Robinson & A. Robinson/ 1 Learning Centre Sample Detailed Essay Outline: Residential Schools Introduction: late s to s more than , First Nations children in Canada.
Free Essay: Sociology fast-tri-29.cf McClinchey Residential Schools in Canada Before the nineteenth century, the Aboriginal people had their own way of teaching.
The Aboriginal Healing Foundation defines residential schools as being industrial schools, boarding schools, homes for students, hostels, billets, residential schools, residential schools with a majority of day students, or a combination of any of the above by which attended by Aboriginal students (Chansoneuve, ). Residential Schools in Canada Essay example - Living in Canada, there is a long past with the Indigenous people. The relationship between the white and First Nations community is one that is damaged because of our shameful actions in the ’s.
Essay on Residential Schools. Residential Schools Residential schools began in the s in Markham, Ontario, by the government and the Church. Their official reason for opening was to provide First Nation children with an education and to integrate them into the Canadian society. Residential schools were established for two reasons: separation of the children from the family and the belief that aboriginal culture was not worth preserving. Most people concluded that aboriginal culture was useless and dying and all human beings would eventually develop and change to be like the ‘advanced’ European civilization.