For example, people living along the Nile encountered hippopotamuses, and one of their goddesses Taweret took hippopotamus form. But the Nile -- essential for agriculture, and therefore for life itself -- also played an explicit role in certain aspects of Egyptian religious beliefs.
Here are some examples. People relied on the floods to grow crops, and this gift of the Nile was linked with Osiris. According to ancient Egyptian mythology, the god Osiris was drowned in the Nile. The annual inundation was portrayed as life-giving water emanating from from Osiris's body. This point is discussed at length by Terje Oestigaard:. The vitality emerging from earth, either in plant or the water of the Nile, was seen as a manifestation of Osiris. Moreover, the different types of waters had specific qualities, and in particular the inundation: This embodiment of the Nile was believed to be real and intimately connected to death, and in fact, the waters were the divine blood and life-juices from which everything and all life arose.
Divine power of the kings. The ancient Egyptian pharaohs were worshiped as gods, and one of their divine powers was the ability to control the annual inundation of the Nile.
Original texts portray pharaohs using their divine influence to maintain Ma'at, the cosmic order, and ensure that the Nile flooded each year. Egypt is mainly made up of hot deserts and receives little rainfall.
Without the River Nile, the area would be entirely desert. All of Egypt depended on the Nile for water, food and transportation. The Nile also provided the ancient Egyptians with fertile land which helped them to grow their crops and raise their animals. Before modern dams were built the river Nile would flood each year coating the land on either side of the river with thick back mud.
This mud was ideal for growing crops on. Two separate kingdoms ruled by different kings developed along the Nile River. The kingdom in Upper Egypt was known as the white crown and the kingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown. In about B. The pharaoh's name was King Narmer or Menes.
Menes built a new capital city called Memphis. Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. I teach computers at The Granville School and St. The Great Pyramids were built like that one. The Egyptians believed in many different gods that oversaw different parts of life. The also believed that when people died, they would enter the afterlife.
This involved travelling through the underworld to get to Osiris, who was the king of the underworld. Because of this, they thought the body should be in as good condition as possible — they believed that the soul still needed the body in the afterlife. They realised that bodies buried without any covering in the dry, salty sand were better preserved than those buried in closed coffins.
From there, they began to drying out bodies before it was buried by using a type of salt called natron. To prepare for the drying stage, the brain would be removed by inserting a hook in the nose, and organs would be taken out of the body and placed in jars.
These were called canopic jars, and each one had a different top and a special purpose:. It took 40 days to dry out the body using natron. Then, it would be wrapped in lots and lots of linen strips, using resin to hold the strips in place. Sometimes a mummy mask would be placed on the head, over the linen wrappings, and then the mummy would be put inside a wooden coffin, and maybe even a stone one as well an Egyptian coffin is also called a sarcophagus.
The coffin was painted in bright colours, with hieroglyphics on it that were meant to help the person in the afterlife. The underworld could be a dangerous place, with many obstacles that would stop you from reaching Osiris. Because of this, people were buried with specially written spells to help them combat some of these things.
Mummies also had amulets — good luck charms — to protect them on their journey. Mummies were buried with scrolls called the Book of the Dead , which explained how to go through the underworld and what spells and chants to use. The Book of the Dead was sometimes written on tomb walls too, and some scrolls had pictures. Scribes would write copies of the Book of the Dead on papyrus. Tomb robbing was common, so sometimes pyramids would be built with false entrances to keep the real entrance hidden.
Queen Hatshepsut — She was one of the first female pharaohs, and very successful. He is one of the most well-known pharaohs since his tomb was discovered in in the Valley of the Kings. She killed herself when she knew the Romans were going to conquer Egypt in 30 BC. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.
What are pyramids and mummies? When people died, they were mummified — this process took a long time, but it prepared them for the afterlife. The Egyptians believed that there were many gods who oversaw different parts of life on earth and life after death. It was important that someone was able to reach the afterlife and the god Osiris, so mummification was taken very seriously.
The story of ancient Egypt has survived for thousands of years. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the past. The monuments and tombs of their Pharaohs continue to stand intact today, .
Interesting facts, did-you-knows, timeline, photos and videos about Egyptian life and culture to support primary school history work.
Homework assignment help ancient egyptian. by on September 13, in Uncategorized. Essay on abortion and religion. short essay about substance abuse the american dream is alive essay writing le concordat de bologna dissertation Life is unfair, the crappy essay I pulled out of my ass in a bit of a panic over the span of one night, got a. Very little rain fell in ancient Egypt. Rain did fall along other parts of the river, however. Every year the water from that rain would flow downstream and eventually flood the lands of ancient Egypt. Afterward, as the waters flowed back, they left rich mud behind. The Egyptians planted wheat and barley in the mud.
These links are for fact-seekers, and to help students with their ancient Egypt homework and school projects. We hope teachers and homeschoolers will also find it to be a useful reference guide. To return to this page, simply click on the Fact Guide button in the menu bar above. We continue to build the resources frequently. We know that the ancient Egyptians understood geometry because of two important documents from their culture: the Rhind Papyrus ( BCE) and the Moscow Papyrus ( BCE). These documents may .