The purpose of the methodology section is to demonstrate the manner in which data was collected. As such, the majority of the following sections will fill in necessary details. The explanation does not have to be elaborate, but it should prepare the reader for the upcoming, detailed methodology. If applicable, the description of any people who take part in your study should be extremely thorough. Each person should be identifiable within the research.
Further, how people join and leave the study should be noted. If people were selected at random, or if they were family members, is important to the study. Explain all tools related to measurement. If you have developed a new method of measurement, something like a survey or questionnaire, explicitly state every single detail about it.
If an already established metric is being used, be sure to reference it where applicable. Once the tool s are noted, be sure to capture all pertinent information, such as the following: Identify all scores obtained by the tools.
Note which techniques were used to administer the measurements. Describe your research design. Break down all the details of how it will take place from beginning to end.
Define all variables and all scenarios so that anyone wishing to do so could reproduce your procedures and entire study. For instance, a study related to happiness could be affected by weather or a participant's family problem.
Breakdown the finite details so there are no holes if someone were to attempt duplication. List the results of the research. It is not necessary to include all results discovered through the research. Do not interpret the research. If there are significant findings or data, that should be left for the later portion of the dissertation where everything is explained. Divide results into chapters.
The dissertation should be organized so that chapters are focused on a specific question. The questions could be wide-ranging, based on a thought-process, an aspect of your methodology, or other issue related to the research.
Be sure the chapters not only address t he questions, but answers them. They should support what you are attempting to prove through your detailed research and methodology.
Non-debatable — Microprocessors are smaller today than they were 10 years ago. Present the importance of your findings within the context of your overall research. Be sure to clarify how the conclusions relate to the questions posed prior to research and related results. Pose directions for further research. Inevitably, your research will not be perfect. As such, you should propose how to solve the flaws in future research. There could be unanticipated results upon which you could suggest related future research.
You can suggest a more narrow focus of your research that someone in the future could follow to answer the unanswered question. Gauge the effectiveness of your dissertation. Display where limitations exist, and why those limitations may affect the results. The purpose of focusing on limitations is to display the command you have over your research, why there may have been difficulties, how important the limitations are to your arguments, and justification for the choices made during your research.
Be sure to clearly propose corrections to current limitations in future research. Discuss your dissertation with your committee. Ultimately, the dissertation is structured how your advisor and committee decide.
Ensure you understand what your field and your department require in a dissertation. You may also want to read approved dissertations from past students to gain a better understanding of how to structure a dissertation in your field. Determine which material should be included or excluded. There may be specifics on what is acceptable. Create a title page. The title page may be specific to your university, maybe even your department or discipline.
In general, however, it should be in all capital letters, with centered margins. Exclude page numbers, but the following attributes are usually a part of the dissertation title page: The dissertation title is at the top. The dissertation statement or purpose, which includes the degree for which the dissertation will be submitted, follows the title. The name of the person submitting the dissertation, and the date of submission, are the final pieces.
The abstract should summarize the dissertation and explain why the research is significant. Next, breakdown both the methods and findings of the research. Finally, clearly explain all conclusions to the research.
In practice, this process will ensure that the review remains concisely tailored to the topic discussed. Moreover, if you find that the literature available is too sparse, or conversely, insurmountable; it is worth reconsidering your research questions to develop a more constrained focus on the topic at hand. The next section of this blog offers 10 top tips on how to ensure you write a great dissertation literature review.
Do not begin analysing the literature before clarifying in your own mind the research questions that will guide your dissertation. By formulating problems beforehand, you will avoid wasting hours in aimless reading. Know the issues of concern to you and consider the material through this lens alone. In order to write a satisfactory literature review you must demonstrate your ability to search out relevant material from a wide variety of sources.
Trawl online databases for useful dissertations and articles by using their abstracts to consider relevance, use all available university, college and departmental libraries, consult the web for extra resources, and follow footnotes. Don't forget also, about the dissertation writing service from Oxbridge Essays, which offers a completely customised sample dissertation from which to model your own work. A common mistake in writing a literature review is to get bogged down in flat descriptions of the content of the many books, journals articles and reports that you have been reading.
Relate only the directly relevant content, and spend as much time analysing the comparative significance of various sources for your own purposes. It will be necessary to identify, draw out, explain, interpret and evaluate key themes that emerge from the literature you have been studying.
Thematic analysis will not only demonstrate a genuine engagement with the literature, but provide you with a scaffold on which to build the body of your text. Nothing must make it into your literature review which has not been scrutinised, questioned and dissected. A critical approach to all reviewed material is the means to ensuring the elimination of mere description and the proper emphasis on original analysis.
Challenge assumptions, generate arguments and give reasons for your reactions. Beyond the identification of key themes and issues, it will be necessary to reach certain findings in light of your analysis of the relevant literature.
Try to draw working conclusions about the current balance of opinion concerning certain controversies, suggest what you believe to be the emergent or future trends in the field, identify deficiencies in current knowledge and relate your own position to that of others. The need to consult a broad range of material has already been stated, but consider also the validity of the sources you review. In some subject areas classic texts retain their authority for literally thousands of years; cutting edge scientific research will need to be more mindful of the dangers of consulting obsolete data.
Key themes provide a natural structuring principle in a literature review, as do categories based on relevance to research questions, academic position, theoretical paradigm, chronology, and so on. Part of your analysis of reviewed material will almost certainly involve a consideration of the theoretical underpinning of each source, inherent working assumptions, paradigmatic aims, and so on.
Explicitly articulate the rationale behind the theoretical aspect to your own findings and the position you have reached by the end of the literature review. A standard consideration in any review, but one worth being reminded of nonetheless. How authoritative is the writer?
Is the author widely cited? Has later response in the literature provided damning critique of the work in question, or considerable support? Recent Posts How often should you reference? A great example of a reflective essay How to write a captivating conclusion to your essay How to write a dissertation literature review: How to structure an essay Top 10 essay referencing tips. The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation. Top 10 tips for writing your dissertation literature review. What is a literature review?
What should a dissertation literature review include?
Determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of your topic. Point the way to further research on your topic. Content of the Literature Review. The Literature Review must be well structured, and your ideas must flow logically from one point to the next. Ensure sources and references are current and relevant, cited .
The structure of a literature review A literature review should be structured like any other essay: it should have an introduction, a middle .
Writing a Literature Review in a dissertation 4 | P a g e your dissertation topic and field of study Headings/Sub-headings In order to allow cross-referencing of chapters/information in your dissertation, it is important to structure the chapters/sections of your dissertation using numbered headings and sub-headings. How to write your PhD thesis (part 1) How to write a PhD literature review (2-part course) 41 thoughts on “ How to write a PhD literature review ” Clara Tang. i have a question about the structure of the literature review, .
Randolph, Dissertation Literature Review framework for the self-evaluation of literature reviews concludes the article. • understanding the structure of the subject, • relating ideas and theory to applications, • identifying the main methodologies and research techniques that have been used, and.