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Lyndon B. Johnson

Career in Congress

❶Johnson's second major education program was the Higher Education Act of , which focused on funding for lower income students, including grants, work-study money, and government loans. While McNamara recommended no increase in the level of bombing, Johnson agreed with CIA recommendations to increase them.

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LBJ: The Early Years
Early life

Johnson take the Presidential oath of office before the plane left Dallas. Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes hastened to the plane to administer the oath.

Members of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential parties filled the central compartment of the plane to witness the swearing in. Johnson stood at the side of the new President as he took the oath of office. Nine minutes later, the Presidential airplane departed for Washington, D. The swearing-in ceremony administered by Judge Hughes in an Air Force One conference room represented the first time that a woman administered the presidential oath of office as well as the only time it was conducted on an airplane.

Johnson then took Jackie Kennedy's hand and told her, "The whole nation mourns your husband. At almost exactly the same time as the ceremony, CBS anchor Walter Cronkite read aloud on the air wire copy from the Associated Press officially confirming Kennedy's death, subsequently adding that Johnson would be sworn in as president. According to the Museum of Broadcast Communications 's Encyclopedia of Television , during their frantic afternoon coverage of the unfolding events, American broadcasters made a "determined effort" to refer to him as "President Johnson".

The famous photograph of the inauguration was taken by Cecil Stoughton , John F. On Stoughton's suggestion Johnson was flanked by his wife and Jacqueline Kennedy, facing slightly away from the camera so that blood stains on her pink Chanel suit would not be visible. The photograph was taken using a Hasselblad camera. Johnson also asked Jack Valenti , Bill Moyers , and Liz Carpenter to write a brief statement for him to read on the day's events, which he then edited slightly himself.

This is a sad time for all people. We have suffered a loss that cannot be weighed. For me, it is a deep personal tragedy. I know that the world shares the sorrow that Mrs. Kennedy and her family bear.

I will do my best. That is all I can do. I ask for your help--and God's. Afterwards Johnson was said to have regretted delivering the remarks, believing he sounded harsh and strident. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It also included measures aimed at improving education, preventing crime and reducing air and water pollution. Johnson also made great strides in attacking racial discrimination by signing the historic Civil Rights Act of and Voting Rights Act of His wide-reaching achievements improved the lives of millions of Americans and contributed to economic growth and prosperity.

Like the three presidents before him, Johnson was determined to prevent North Vietnamese communists from taking over the U. As part of this effort, Johnson steadily escalated U. The number of American troops in Vietnam soared from 16, when he took office in to more than , in , yet the conflict remained a bloody stalemate. As the war dragged on and American and Vietnamese casualties mounted, anti-war protests rocked college campuses and cities across the U.

When it appeared that he might face a stiff challenge for the Democratic presidential nomination, Johnson announced his decision not to run for re-election. Johnson explained that he wanted to focus on the peace process and pressing domestic issues during his final months in office without the distraction of a political campaign. The conflict in Vietnam, though, brought him nothing but pain and frustration until his last days in office, and U.

Following the inauguration of Republican President Nixon, Johnson retired to his Texas ranch, where he spent the next few years establishing his presidential library which opened in on the campus of the University of Texas at Austin and writing his memoirs.

Start your free trial today. We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Andrew Johnson , the 17th U. Johnson, who served from to , was the first American president to be impeached. A tailor before he entered politics, Johnson grew up poor and Hayes , the 19th president of the United States, won a controversial and fiercely disputed election against Samuel Tilden.

He withdrew troops from the Reconstruction states in order to restore local control and good will, a decision that many perceived as He began his career as a teacher. You can read a collection of their courtship letters here. Johnson resigned as Secretary to Representative Kleberg to accept President Roosevelt's appointment on July 25 as the Texas Director of the National Youth Administration NYA , a Roosevelt program designed to provide vocational training for unemployed youth and part-time employment for needy students.

At 26, he was the youngest state director to have filled this position. Johnson resigned as Texas Director of the National Youth Administration to enter the special election for the 10th Congressional District called after the death of Representative James P. Nine other candidates also entered the race.

In Congress, Johnson worked hard for rural electrification, public housing, and eliminating government waste. His work resulted in the nation's first and still largest electric cooperative Pedenales Electric Company and the first federal public housing project Austin's Santa Rita Courts.

Johnson ran for the remaining term of Senator Morris Sheppard upon Sheppard's death. On June 28, he lost a hard-fought race to conservative W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel by 1, votes. In this photograph right , U. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, Johnson became the first member of Congress to volunteer for active duty in the armed forces U.

Navy , reporting for active duty on December 9, Lady Bird Johnson ran the Congressional office while he was overseas. President Roosevelt ordered all members of Congress in the armed forces to return to their offices, and Johnson was released from active duty on July 16, On March 19, the Johnsons celebrated the birth of their first daughter, Lynda Bird.

After a dramatic campaign in which he traveled by "newfangled" helicopter all over Texas, Johnson defeated Coke Stevenson in the Democratic primary race to be the party's candidate for the Senate seat vacated by Senator W. Johnson won the primary by 87 votes and earned the nickname "Landslide Lyndon. This photograph right was taken in San Angelo, Texas as Congressman Lyndon Johnson addressed the crowd from his helicopter. LBJ Library photo by Unknown. On November 2, Johnson was re-elected to the U.

Senate for a second term by a margin of three to one. Johnson was elected Majority Leader of the Senate on January 5. Johnson did not return to Washington and Capitol Hill until December. Johnson was nominated for President at the Democratic National Convention as a favorite son candidate. Johnson guided the passage of the first civil rights bill in 82 years, the Civil Rights Act of Right Senators celebrate Johnson's 49 th birthday. As Chairman of the Senate Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee, he began hearings on the American space program following the launch of the Russian satellite, Sputnik, on October 4.

Johnson considered the highlights of his Senate career to be the passage of the Civil Rights Act of and the vitalization of the United States space program. Johnson guided the passage of the first space legislation, the National Aeronautics and Space Act of President Eisenhower designated Senator Johnson to present a United States resolution to the United Nations calling for the peaceful exploration of outer space. He was nominated Vice President by acclamation the next day.

On November 8, John F. The Kennedy-Johnson ticket defeated the Nixon-Lodge ticket in one of the closest elections in American history. On January 3, Johnson took the oath of office for the full six-year term in the Senate and immediately resigned.

On April 20, the day Congress approved the amendment making the Vice President Chairman of the Space Council, President Kennedy sent Johnson a memorandum asking him to conduct an overall survey of the space program and to study the feasibility of going to the moon and back with a man before the Soviet Union could attain that goal. After a careful study, Johnson replied on April 28 that a manned moon trip was possible, and "with a strong effort, the United States could conceivably be first in those accomplishments by or On May 25, President Kennedy announced to Congress: In August, construction began on the Berlin Wall.

Kennedy's request and this photo right was taken as he addressed a crowd. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas. He was sworn in aboard Air Force One at 2: Explore Tragedy and Transition , our website about that fateful day.

After tensions subsided, Johnson began efforts to renegotiate the Panama Canal Treaty diplomatic relations were restored on April 3. Johnson took steps to give the base a self-sufficient supply of water and labor.


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The Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in , and Texas created a legal state holiday to be observed on August 27 to mark Johnson's birthday. It is known as Lyndon Baines Johnson Day.

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Jan 22,  · Lyndon B. Johnson On January 20, , Lyndon B. Johnson began his first elected term as president of the United States. In his inaugural address, Johnson calls for the nation to .

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On November 22, , when Kennedy was assassinated, Johnson was sworn in as the 36th United States President, with a vision to build “A Great Society” for the American people. “A Great Society” for the American people and their fellow men elsewhere was the vision of Lyndon B. Johnson. Related Lyndon B Johnson Resources: These additional resources on Lyndon B Johnson can provide you with further information about the president and his times. Essentials of the Vietnam War Vietnam was a war that brought great pain to many Americans.

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Johnson, Lyndon B.; Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy; Johnson, Lady Bird Jacqueline Kennedy and Lady Bird Johnson standing by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson as he takes the oath of office aboard Air Force One after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, November 22, A timeline of Lyndon B. Johnson events. Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States, a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States.