How to Increase Word Count. How to Write a Listicle. How to Write About Autism. How to Write an Introduction to a Book. How to Become a Published Writer.
How to Write a Note. How to Write an Original Story. How to Write an Expression of Interest for a Visa. How to Write Your Own Eulogy. How to Write Dates. How to Write an Invitation. How to Outline a Biography. How to Start Any Story. Huneker A sentence should read as if its author, had he held a plough instead of a pen, could have drawn a furrow deep and straight to the end —Henry David Thoreau Sometimes writing a recipe takes me a whole day … to communicate it correctly.
Typing your own manuscript for submission is a lot like dressing to see that old lover who left you five years ago —Ira Wood In his novel, The Kitchen Man, Wood expands the simile as follows: It comes out to be you no matter what you do —John Updike, New York Times, January 18, The writer who draws his material from a book is like one who borrows money only to lend it —Kahlil Gibran Writes like a comrade, the kind of friend with whom it is a pleasure to dispute —Jacques Barzun about H.
Switch to new thesaurus. Related words like graphomania , scribomania fear graphophobia. Quotations "Writing, at its best, is a lonely life" [Ernest Hemingway speech, accepting the Nobel Prize for Literature ] "I think writing does come out of a deep well of loneliness and a desire to fill some kind of gap" [Jay McInerney] "Would you not like to try all sorts of lives - one is so very small - but that is the satisfaction of writing - one can impersonate so many people" [Katherine Mansfield letter ].
They wrote their names on a sheet of paper; The child has learned to read and write; Please write in ink. She wrote a book on prehistoric monsters. He has written a letter to me about this matter; I'll write you a long letter about my holiday; I wrote to you last week.
Dickens was a famous English writer; the writer of this letter. She wrote down every word he said. Write this exercise out in your neatest handwriting.
References in classic literature? Of course, he cautioned himself, it would be slow succeeding at first, and for a time he would be content to earn enough money by his writing to enable him to go on studying. Besides, the very article he was writing would bring her nearer to him. It made the growth of states larger than the old city states possible.
It made a continuous historical consciousness possible. The command of the priest or king and his seal could go far beyond his sight and voice and could survive his death". The major writing systems —methods of inscription—broadly fall into five categories: A sixth category, pictographic , is insufficient to represent language on its own, but often forms the core of logographies. A logogram is a written character which represents a word or morpheme. A vast number of logograms are needed to write Chinese characters , cuneiform , and Mayan , where a glyph may stand for a morpheme, a syllable, or both— "logoconsonantal" in the case of hieroglyphs.
Many logograms have an ideographic component Chinese "radicals", hieroglyphic "determiners". For example, in Mayan, the glyph for "fin", pronounced "ka", was also used to represent the syllable "ka" whenever the pronunciation of a logogram needed to be indicated, or when there was no logogram.
However, such phonetic elements complement the logographic elements, rather than vice versa. The main logographic system in use today is Chinese characters , used with some modification for the various languages or dialects of China , Japan , and sometimes in Korean despite the fact that in South and North Korea , the phonetic Hangul system is mainly used.
A syllabary is a set of written symbols that represent or approximate syllables. A glyph in a syllabary typically represents a consonant followed by a vowel, or just a vowel alone, though in some scripts more complex syllables such as consonant-vowel-consonant, or consonant-consonant-vowel may have dedicated glyphs. Phonetically related syllables are not so indicated in the script.
For instance, the syllable "ka" may look nothing like the syllable "ki", nor will syllables with the same vowels be similar. Syllabaries are best suited to languages with a relatively simple syllable structure, such as Japanese. Other languages that use syllabic writing include the Linear B script for Mycenaean Greek ; Cherokee ; Ndjuka , an English-based creole language of Surinam ; and the Vai script of Liberia.
Most logographic systems have a strong syllabic component. Ethiopic , though technically an abugida , has fused consonants and vowels together to the point where it is learned as if it were a syllabary. An alphabet is a set of symbols, each of which represents or historically represented a phoneme of the language. In a perfectly phonological alphabet, the phonemes and letters would correspond perfectly in two directions: As languages often evolve independently of their writing systems, and writing systems have been borrowed for languages they were not designed for, the degree to which letters of an alphabet correspond to phonemes of a language varies greatly from one language to another and even within a single language.
In most of the writing systems of the Middle East, it is usually only the consonants of a word that are written, although vowels may be indicated by the addition of various diacritical marks. Writing systems based primarily on marking the consonant phonemes alone date back to the hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt. Such systems are called abjads , derived from the Arabic word for "alphabet". In most of the alphabets of India and Southeast Asia, vowels are indicated through diacritics or modification of the shape of the consonant.
These are called abugidas. Some abugidas, such as Ethiopic and Cree , are learned by children as syllabaries, and so are often called "syllabics". However, unlike true syllabaries, there is not an independent glyph for each syllable. Sometimes the term "alphabet" is restricted to systems with separate letters for consonants and vowels, such as the Latin alphabet , although abugidas and abjads may also be accepted as alphabets.
Because of this use, Greek is often considered to be the first alphabet. A featural script notates the building blocks of the phonemes that make up a language. For instance, all sounds pronounced with the lips "labial" sounds may have some element in common. In the Latin alphabet, this is accidentally the case with the letters "b" and "p"; however, labial "m" is completely dissimilar, and the similar-looking "q" and "d" are not labial. In Korean hangul , however, all four labial consonants are based on the same basic element, but in practice, Korean is learned by children as an ordinary alphabet, and the featural elements tend to pass unnoticed.
Another featural script is SignWriting , the most popular writing system for many sign languages , where the shapes and movements of the hands and face are represented iconically. Featural scripts are also common in fictional or invented systems, such as J. Historians draw a sharp distinction between prehistory and history, with history defined by the advent of writing. The cave paintings and petroglyphs of prehistoric peoples can be considered precursors of writing, but they are not considered true writing because they did not represent language directly.
Writing systems develop and change based on the needs of the people who use them. Sometimes the shape, orientation, and meaning of individual signs changes over time. By tracing the development of a script, it is possible to learn about the needs of the people who used the script as well as how the script changed over time. The many tools and writing materials used throughout history include stone tablets , clay tablets , bamboo slats, papyrus , wax tablets , vellum , parchment , paper , copperplate , styluses , quills , ink brushes , pencils , pens , and many styles of lithography.
The Incas used knotted cords known as quipu or khipu for keeping records. The typewriter and various forms of word processors have subsequently become widespread writing tools, and various studies have compared the ways in which writers have framed the experience of writing with such tools as compared with the pen or pencil.
By definition, the modern practice of history begins with written records. Evidence of human culture without writing is the realm of prehistory.
While neolithic writing is a current research topic, conventional history assumes that the writing process first evolved from economic necessity in the ancient Near East. Writing most likely began as a consequence of political expansion in ancient cultures, which needed reliable means for transmitting information, maintaining financial accounts, keeping historical records, and similar activities.
Around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew the power of memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form.
Archaeologist Denise Schmandt-Besserat determined the link between previously uncategorized clay "tokens", the oldest of which have been found in the Zagros region of Iran, and the first known writing, Mesopotamian cuneiform. Later they began placing these tokens inside large, hollow clay containers bulla, or globular envelopes which were then sealed.
The quantity of tokens in each container came to be expressed by impressing, on the container's surface, one picture for each instance of the token inside. They next dispensed with the tokens, relying solely on symbols for the tokens, drawn on clay surfaces.
To avoid making a picture for each instance of the same object for example: In this way the Sumerians added "a system for enumerating objects to their incipient system of symbols". The original Mesopotamian writing system believed to be the world's oldest was derived around BC from this method of keeping accounts.
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The Guide to Grammar and Writing contains scores of digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing -- from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays, and a way to submit questions about grammar and writing. Quotations "Writing, at its best, is a lonely life" [Ernest Hemingway speech, accepting the Nobel Prize for Literature] "I think writing does come out of a deep well of loneliness and a desire to fill some kind of gap" [Jay McInerney].
On Writing: 10th Anniversary Edition: A Memoir of the Craft [Stephen King] on fast-tri-29.cf *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Immensely helpful and illuminating to any aspiring writer, this special edition of Stephen King’s critically lauded/5(K). "These talks have inspired me to create, in my writing or in my life," says Carlton Cuse, screenwriter and producer of "Lost" and "Bates Motel.".