Arguments for and Against Abortion By: Arguments for and Against Abortion Abortion The word abortion means the "intentional destruction of a foetus or the inducing of a premature expulsion from the womb to cause death. People in many countries have abortions each year even if it is going against their religion. For example last year on the coast of Dublin there was an abortion ship, which is on international water where people can get an abortion if they like. Pro-Choice groups believe that it is the right of any woman to terminate her pregnancy if she wishes.
Groups which are Pro-Choice believe that abortion should be made legal and be offered to all women. The arguments they make for abortion are as follows: This argument is based on the belief that the embryo is just a cluster of cells which is not a person but only has the potential to be a human being. A woman should have the right to terminate her pregnancy if she wishes! This argument is based on the belief that a woman has absolute right over her own body. In this argument the embryo in the womb is not considered to have any rights whatsoever.
Abortion should be legalised to stop unsafe and unsanitary back street abortions. Why the silence of the Bible on abortion? The answer is simple. Abortion was so unthinkable to an Israelite woman that there was no need to even mention it in the criminal code.
Why was abortion an unthinkable act? First, children were viewed as a gift or heritage from the Lord. Second, the Scriptures state—and the Jews concurred—that God opens and closes the womb and is sovereign over conception. Third, childlessness was seen as a curse. One of the key verses to understand in developing a biblical view of the sanctity of human life is Psalm He begins by acknowledging that God is omniscient and knows what David is doing at any given point in time.
David adds that wherever he might go, he cannot escape from God, whether he travels to heaven or ventures into Sheol. God is in the remotest part of the sea and even in the darkness. Finally David contemplates the origin of his life and confesses that God was there forming him in the womb:.
I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well. My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place. When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be vv.
The description here is not of a piece of protoplasm that becomes David: In verse 13, we see that God is the Master Craftsman fashioning David into a living person. Next, we will consider additional Old Testament passages that provide a biblical argument against abortion. Another significant passage is Psalm It was written by David after his sin of adultery with Bathsheba and records his repentance.
David concludes that from his time of conception, he had a sin nature. This would imply that he carried the image of God from the moment of conception, including the marred image scarred from sin. Human beings are created in the image and likeness of God Gen. Bearing the image of God is the essence of humanness. This verse also provides support for what is called the traducian view of the origin of the soul. According to this perspective, human beings were potentially in Adam Rom. Therefore, an unborn baby is morally accountable and thus fully human.
Another argument against abortion can be found in the Old Testament legal code, specifically Exodus But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. The verses appear to teach that if a woman gives birth prematurely, but the baby is not injured, then only a fine is appropriate.
However, if the child dies then the law of retaliation lex talionis should be applied. In other words, killing an unborn baby would carry the same penalty as killing a born baby. A baby inside the womb has the same legal status as a baby outside the womb.
Some commentators have come to a different conclusion because they believe the first verses only refer to a case of accidental miscarriage. Since only a fine is levied, they argue that an unborn baby is merely potential life and does not carry the same legal status as a baby that has been born. There are at least two problems with this interpretation. First, the normal Hebrew word for miscarry is not used in this passage cf. Most commentators now believe that the action described in verse 22 is a premature birth not an accidental miscarriage.
Second, even if the verses do describe a miscarriage, the passage cannot be used to justify abortion. The injury was accidental, not intentional as abortion would be. Also, the action was a criminal offense and punishable by law. Thus far in our discussion we have looked at biblical arguments against abortion. Are there other arguments we can use?
The medical arguments against abortion are compelling. For example, at conception the embryo is genetically distinct from the mother. A developing embryo is genetically different from the mother.
A developing embryo is also genetically different from the sperm and egg that created it. A human being has 46 chromosomes sometimes 47 chromosomes. Sperm and egg have 23 chromosomes. A trained geneticist can distinguish between the DNA of an embryo and that of a sperm and egg. But that same geneticist could not distinguish between the DNA of a developing embryo and a full-grown human being.
Another set of medical arguments against abortion surround the definition of life and death. If one set of criteria have been used to define death, could they also be used to define life? Death used to be defined by the cessation of heartbeat. A stopped heart was a clear sign of death. If the cessation of heartbeat could define death, could the onset of a heartbeat define life? The heart is formed by the 18th day in the womb. If heartbeat was used to define life, then nearly all abortions would be outlawed.
In my opinion, when a woman chooses to have sex, she is taking a chance. She does this of her own free will, and is in control over what she is doing. If a person decides to have sex, whether it is done with protection or not, the result is her responsibility and she must be willing to deal with the consequences. One such consequence is getting pregnant. When a woman gets pregnant, it is usually a result of her own choices, even if the pregnancy is unwanted or unplanned.
The most obvious reason why I think that abortion is immoral is because it is the intentional killing of a human being. It is a well-known fact that life begins at the moment of conception.
The word abortion by definition means the induced expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to choose. I believe /5(9).
Buy an "Arguments For or Against Abortion" Essay - We Offer Only Original Papers As already said before, there are many issues to discuss when it comes to the abortion question. There are a few directions you could choose.
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The Argument of Abortion - Philosophy Essay Words | 5 Pages. The Argument of Abortion - Philosophy Essay The Argument of Abortion - Philosophy Essay In On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, Mary Anne Warren discusses a few arguments against abortion, namely bringing into play whether the fetus is actually a person, or “not a member of the moral community”. Arguments against abortion essay - Entrust your paper to qualified scholars engaged in the service Dissertations and resumes at most affordable prices. commit your .