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Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Compare and Contrast Essays

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To design a Venn diagram, draw several overlapping circles, each should represent some event or idea that you research. In the space of overlapping, write down the similarities, which two objects have. The left side is assigned to one criterion. The names of the items are listed across the top.

Each box right now corresponds to one criteria. Write down existing facts in the boxes that help you understand what features you have discovered. On this stage of the writing process you should have a clear idea of the purpose of this essay. Try to answer the following questions: Why was this type of essay assigned to you? Does this type of assignment have any similarities with the ones you have completed before?

What should be emphasized in this type of essay? Certainly, you should use them as the guide, only. Try to formulate your own questions and arguments after you have studied the listed questions. First ask several typical questions, such as: If you research some objects you might try to concentrate on its physical features, like size, weight and height.

If you are assigned to compare two historical events, one should ask the following questions: When did it happen? Who was involved in it? Why did it happen? How did it influence further events? Why is this event important? What are these ideas? Who comes up with them? Why are they defended? How have they influenced people? How are they used? Which one is more credible?

After you have completed your list of differences and similarities, you should evaluate which of them are more interesting and important for your essay. In order to facilitate this process, you should ask these questions:. If you are assigned to compare and contrast two novels, you should cautiously evaluate the importance of different facts and features. Some physical features of the characters would be of less importance for this type of assignment; emphasize on psychological differences and similarities of the characters, the differences of the plots and attempts of the writer to research and investigate some problems or events.

In some essays it is pivotal to stress particular points of comparison. If you are assigned to compare the novels of Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins for example, you should not emphasize that both of these authors are classical English writers.

This fact is common knowledge and it is well-known to your tutor, essay writers and students. Talking about different analysis approaches to human minds would better show your understanding of the novels. It is the central feature of your essay , the guide of your writing process. The most common question that should be asked in the designing of this type of the thesis is "why? You should show the importance of things and events that you compare.

That is why composing this type of an essay might differ from other ones. The following are several methods of organizing and designing this type of essay. First, list all information on the first subject of comparison. Then you should go further, and list all points of another subject of comparison. Then you should do the same with the third subject and so forth, depending on the number of subjects of comparison. Certainly, if your paper is not long, one paragraph might comprise several items; however it is better to devote one paragraph to one item of comparison.

The danger of such comparison is that your paper might be transformed into a simple list of points of comparison. Do not succumb to this mistake. However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first. Outlining your essay will help you work out the main organizational structure and will give you a template to follow as you develop your ideas.

No matter how you decided to organize your essay, you will still need to have the following types of paragraphs: This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted. It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay i. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims. Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof.

It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis. Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply.

This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could. Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison. Let's say you're working with the following statement: This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject.

A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this: Body Paragraph 1 Woods: Types of Activities and Facilities Conclusion. Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay.

For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Here's how the essay could look: Discuss first difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast.

This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Introduction Body Paragraph 1: Similarity between woods and beaches both are places with a wide variety of things to do Body Paragraph 2: First difference between woods and beaches they have different climates Body Paragraph 3: Second difference between woods and beaches there are more easily accessible woods than beaches in most parts of the country Body Paragraph 4: Emphasis on the superiority of the woods to the beach Conclusion.

Organize your individual body paragraphs. Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves.

Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph. It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph. These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea. Use your brainstorming ideas to fill in your outline.

Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again. It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs.

It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. Come up with a title. Depending on your audience and the situation, you may make a joke or a pun, ask a question, or provide a summary of your main point.

One of the most common mistakes student writers make is to not give themselves enough time to take a step back from their essays for a day or two. Start early so that you can let your finished draft sit for a day, or at least a few hours.

Then, come back to it with fresh eyes. Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots. Look out for any grammatical errors, confusing phrasing, and repetitive ideas.

Look for a balance in your paper: Here are some things to consider before you turn in your paper: Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead. Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy.

Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses point-by-point comparison: At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water. When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all.

At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals. Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike. Write a body paragraph for a subject-by-subject compare and contrast essay.

Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses subject-by-subject comparison: If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate. At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities.

The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods. Start out by naming both of the things you are comparing. For example, with apples and oranges, start out by saying, "Apples and oranges have many differences. Not Helpful 10 Helpful To conclude an essay, you might summarize your argument. Then you'll want to show your reader why your paper is significant and finally, leave them with something new to think about.

Not Helpful 22 Helpful Start with a hook to draw your reader into the essay. Introduce your topic with a few sentences that explain what you'll be writing about and end with a sentence that helps you transition into the first body paragraph.

Not Helpful 4 Helpful Some connectors could start with, "Although," "Even though," "While these are the differences Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. You can read books, as books increase your comprehension skills and your vocabulary. You can also try to engage in conversations with your teachers and peers to increase your vocabulary and discussion skills. Not Helpful 3 Helpful You may quote the text itself. Ask your teacher how she prefers you annotate it. Not Helpful 18 Helpful You can say this, "My brother has many traits.

He is kind, caring, etc. When comparing poems, you should look into things particular to poems: Compare and contrast all of these and see if any interesting similarities or differences pop up. If it is relevant to your arguments, you could also give some context regarding to the writers of the poems. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 3. It depends on the assignment and the specifications that your teacher gave you.

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This handout will help you determine if an assignment is asking for comparing and contrasting, generate similarities and differences, and decide a focus. One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) .

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Mar 05,  · Writing a compare and contrast essay might be difficult but we can help you.5/5(94). Ask our experts to get writing help. Submit your essay for analysis. Get Free Academic Ultimate Writing Guide. 80+ essay types; Homepage > Writing Samples > Academic Writing Samples > Essay Samples > Compare and Contrast Compare and Contrast Essay Samples. This type of essay can be really confusing, as balancing between .

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Additional Help for Your Compare and Contrast Essay Outline. Still struggling? Try reading some completed example compare and contrast essays. If that doesn’t work or you’re still feeling a bit unsure, read more about this type of essay. Finally, don’t forget about editing and proofreading! Apples and oranges. All you need do in writing a compare and contrast essay is take two subjects and show their similarities and their differences.