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How to Write a Research Paper

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❶If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference preceded by "p. You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use.

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Future work on these weather patterns will help to resolve some of the mysteries of climate change in the southwest. These steps will be crucial in practicing and developing your writing skills for the paper. Use the outline to begin writing the project paper. Open the paper with a basic overview of the project, the main goals of the project and your thesis statement.

These main points should be jotted down within your outline. Write the main body of the project paper by discussing each main topic in a single paragraph. If the topic is extensive, you can use more than one paragraph to discuss it. Avoid putting two topics within one paragraph to keep organization and clarity intact.

Conclude the paper with the major conclusions you reached in your project and ideas for future discussions. Use concise language, and avoid using contractions when writing a formal paper. Keep the language on topic and keep focused on your own project. Because this paper should reflect the project, keep in mind the process of developing the project. The project development issues can be discussed in the introduction, or can be discussed as a main body topic within the paper.

Sarah Vrba has been a writer and editor since Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.

You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand.

Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e.

Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e. This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline.

Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e.

Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e.

Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures.

Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. Is my thesis statement concise and clear? Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments?

Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed.

Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability.

Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples?

Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation?

Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on.

The reference will look like this" Nguyen, b. When you work hard to write something, you don't want your friends to loaf and just copy it. Every author feels the same way.

Plagiarism is when someone copies the words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas of someone else and presents them as his or her own. When you find information in a book, on the Internet, or from some other source, you MUST give the author of that information credit in a citation.

If you copy a sentence or paragraph exactly, you should also use quotation marks around the text. The surprising thing to many students is how easy it is for parents, teachers, and science fair judges to detect and prove plagiarism. So, don't go there, and don't make us try to hunt you down!

Here is information on how to format your research paper. Here is a sample research paper in MLA format. You can find this page online at: You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way.

For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Log In Join for Free. Support for Science Buddies provided by:. Key Info As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary.

The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. The research paper should include: The history of similar experiments or inventions Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment Answers to all your background research plan questions Mathematical formulas, if any, that you will need to describe the results of your experiment For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information.

A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately.


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With a little pre-writing preparation, the main body of the project paper will come together smoothly. Be sure to follow any class guidelines in creating a project paper. Create an outline which reflects the project's main goals, a summary of the project and the final conclusions of the project.

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Write your full project plan; Execute your plan in TeamGantt; Publish your plan; Share your plan with the team and make sure they read it! Prepare to keep planning; In a major time crunch? Watch our video: How to Create a Project Plan in 5 Easy Steps.

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Every skilled writer knows that g ood writing is hard work. It can also be enormously rewarding and a lot of fun. The project writeups serve two primary purposes. First, they give you an opportunity to engage and explore the concepts presented in this class. Second, they give you an opportunity to improve your writing skills. Here are some steps to take. The project paper should be written using formal language. It should be in A4-format, include a coversheet, a table of contents, and a list of sources, in addition to the actual project paper. The coversheet is to include the title of the paper, your name, the subject, the name of .

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Sep 27,  · Writing a research paper involves four main stages: choosing a topic, researching your topic, making an outline, and doing the actual writing. The paper won't write itself, but by planning and preparing well, the writing practically falls into place%(). The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research. Special Information to Include in Your Research Paper. Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand.