The library is a very useful institution. It is not possible for everybody to purchase books on every subject. In the library the same books pass through several hands by rotation.
A man can read a large number of books at a very little cost or even no cost. It is a fit place for close and careful study. Here, there is no disturbance and everybody can read with rapt attention. The library helps a good deal in spreading knowledge and education. Many books are so costly that a man of average means cannot purchase them. People can derive benefit from these books by consulting them in the library. The government took initiative to implement some of the recommendation only because those were befitting to the time and made in the light of the recommendations of other Commissions and Committees.
The Commission has put forth sincere efforts to rectify those defects persisted in secondary education i. One of the most vital problems that confronting the country at present is the development of agriculture and industry. Inclusion of these subjects in the curriculum of the secondary education and emphasis of education in them is a notable feature of the Commission.
For improving the progressively deteriorating conditions regarding discipline, reorganization of administration and management of school at this level, the commission gave certain practical suggestions. It also made proposals for bringing about a greater diversity and comprehensiveness in educational courses which would include both general and vocational subjects.
Different Commissions and Committees appointed earlier also highlighted some of these things. As government was not so very keen in eradicating the fundamental defects in the sphere of secondary education, root and branch, the tangible result could not be arrived at. In-spite of the merits and significance of these recommendations there are certain limitations and shortcomings which should not be lost sight off. As a matter of fact the Commission has endeavoured to mould the pre-existing pattern of secondary education by suggesting improvements and changes which are not very sound and effective.
Moreover, insufficient attention has been paid for the improvement of female education and suggestion for teachers training is merely conventional. Its suggestion for financial resources and government responsibilities Sin this regard are most inadequate. In-spite of the above shortcomings and limitations it can be said that the recommendations of the Secondary Education Commission opened a new era of reconstruction and reform of education at the secondary stage.
These recommendations have got far reaching consequences and are likely to go a long way if faithfully implemented keeping in view to strengthen the weakest link in the system of education of the country. Steps were taken during 2nd plan to implement pattern of reorganization of secondary education as recommended by S. Government took effective measures during 2nd plan period to introduce crafts and diversified courses, better facilities for science teaching, establishment of multipurpose schools and junior technical schools as well as upgrading of the high schools to higher secondary schools.
In the 1st plan about multipurpose seconds were established. About high schools were converted into higher secondary schools by the end of the 2nd plan. At the end of the 1st plan the number of all types of secondary schools was 32, with 8,26, students and the number increased to 66, with 1,81,22, students by the end of 2nd plan. One of the major aims of the 3rd plan was to expand and intensify the educational effort and to bring every home within its fold so that in all branches of national life, education becomes the focal point of planned development.
Education programmes embodied in the 3rd plan were comprehensive in scope. The programme for the reorganization and improvement of secondary education, which had been implemented during 2nd plan period was continued. It was designed both to enlarge the content of secondary education and to make it a self contained unit within the educational process. During 3rd plan measures were taken for the conversion of high schools into higher secondary schools, development of multipurpose schools with provision of a number of elective subjects, expansion and improvement of facilities for the teaching of science, provision of educational and vocational guidance, improvement of the examination and evaluation system, enlargement of facilities for vocational education, increased facilities for the education of girls and the backward classes and encouragement to merit through scholarships.
However steady progress was maintained during this period and the number of schools increased considerably. The number of higher secondary schools increased from 3, to 6, and the number of secondary schools increased to 90 thousands with lakhs students by the end of 3rd plan.
During 3rd plan Indian Education Commission was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. Kothari, which is popularly known as Kothari Commission, The Commission aimed at an entire overhauling of the existing setup.
Besides many other things it pleaded eloquently for the improvement of secondary education and recommended that: Special sections should be set up in the education department to help young pupils who drop out after class VIII or VII to obtain training on a full time or part time basis, and to be in overall charge of the organisation of these courses;. Special emphasis will have to be placed on agricultural courses or those who have taken to farming as a vocation and on courses in home science or household industries for girls;.
In order to ensure the balanced development of the adolescents, total personality the curriculum at this stage should provide half the time to the languages and one-fourth to physical education, arts and crafts, moral and spiritual education. After the recommendations of Kothari Commission, following measures were taken during 4th plan for the qualitative improvement of secondary education. Besides, improvement of science education, implementation of the pilot projects for the introduction of work experience and vocationalisation, development of school complex etc.
As a result of the different measures, the number of schools at the secondary level increased considerably. By the year , Different states accepted the new-pattern of education and introduced this system according to their own convenience. Though there is a lot of confusion and feeling of anxiety in the minds of the people regarding the practical application of the new pattern, yet in the overall interest of the student population and for national integration there is great need of a uniform pattern of education.
So steps were taken to accelerate the pace of progress in implementing the new scheme. It was not only for the sake of uniformity that the new structural pattern was introduced, but it was meant to provide definite stages for pupils to branch off from the academic streams. If provision would not be made for students to branch off to vocational courses after completion of the particular stage of education, the change of pattern would only partially achieve the objectives and students who would do better in vocational courses would tend to go in for general education.
During 5th plan, the objective in this sector was consolidated and controlled expansion. In order to raise the standard of education reorganisation of the curriculum, improvement of the methods of teaching, reforms in the system of examination, development of instructional materials and text books were undertaken during 5th plan period.
Even then the achievement in this sector was not encouraging. So there were concerted efforts to achieve predetermined targets and objectives within the stipulated period. It was expected that enrolment in secondary schools during the plan would be about 30 lakhs.
On one side of the library hall there are long tables and benches. Students sit there and read newspapers, journals and magazines; some take down notes. No body is permitted to talk to disturb others. Every class has one library period once a week. Students go to the library in the period and study. The library also has reference and text books. These are meant for studying in the library only. The calm and quiet atmosphere of the library helps the students to work attentively. The school librarian is a trained and qualified person and well-experienced.
He gives advice to students on the choice of books.
This short article on Library explains what a Library is, its sections, its benefits and uses, and a conclusion. The library is a place where there is a large collection of books. Libraries are of two kinds – public and private.
A library is a treasure-house of knowledge. A well-stocked library is an asset to the school, college, university or the neighborhood. A library has a librarian to guide and attend to the readers. Books are kept and arranged properly which makes the reader look for a particular book easily. A member.
A school without a library is unthinkable these days. It must have books on various subjects, newspapers, journals and magazines. Students, those especially who want to add to their knowledge, go to the library in their vacant periods and study. Use the ‘additional suggestions’ box to tell us if your favourite essay or author is missing, or comment boxes on each essay’s page to discuss the selection, including where you feel we should have selected another essay by the same author. We will expand the Essay Library in future, using suggestions and comments received. Example intro [ ].
Free public library papers, essays, and research papers. The Public Library: Pluses and Minuses Have been to other countries, and I can say that public libraries elsewhere are not half as good as the ones in.