Take note of every source you use during the research process. When you are reading and writing notes, take down all relevant information about the source. For books, this includes the author, the title of the book, the editors if it has named editors , the name of the essay plus the page numbers of the essays, the publishing company, the place of publication, the date of publication, and where you found the book more for your own purposes.
Keep the notes on your sources organized. When taking notes, make sure you mark down which source the information came from. Also, try to keep all of your reference page materials in the same place, as this will save you significant time when writing your reference page. One helpful way of keeping track of your sources is to write source cards. These are small note cards that contain all of the relevant information on a particular source.
Source cards are a neat and convenient way of organizing your sources - you can store all of your source cards in a small box or folder, in alphabetical order.
Track which sources you actually use. Typically, you will only include the resources you actually cited or paraphrased in your paper on your reference page. Therefore it's important to make a note of which references you actually cite within your paper and which references you merely use for background reading. However, in some instances, you may also need to reference sources that were beneficial to your argument, but that you didn't end up citing in the paper.
These sources shouldn't be listed on the reference page itself, but on a separate page, such as the Modern Language Association's "Work Consulted" page.
It is more common to use only a "Works Cited" page, therefore you should only include a "Works Consulted"page if your teacher or professor requests it. Place your reference page at the end of your paper. Your reference page comes at the end of your paper, usually before any appendices or glossaries.
Place the reference page on a new page directly after the end of your paper. Format each reference according to the appropriate style guide. Begin inputting your resources according to the standard required by your school.
You'll find examples of each of these styles in the section below. Each will have you create slightly different references, though you will use the same basic information. Alphabetize your reference page by the authors' last names.
Once you have typed up all of the references, organize them according to the authors' last names. If a source doesn't have an author, use the first part of the title to alphabetize it.
Specific guidelines outline the use of references in an essay, and most essays are written following APA, MLA or Chicago Style, depending on your subject and essay instructions. It is important to know which style format is required as this affects the way in which you will create in-text citations and reference page entries.
Either way, you will be including enough information via your references, so that the reader can find your original source to validate your claim or conduct further research. As you gather references, it is important to use reliable sources that directly back up your main point.
For example, if you were writing a research paper on the benefits of school uniforms, you might look for statistics that discus how uniforms affect crime and peer pressure in schools. You might also search for professionals who have strong opinions on the matter and quote them in your paper. As you gather your references, keep detailed notes on the sources so that you can get back to them if you need to.
Once you have adequate summaries of your research and quotes from professionals, you can begin to use them in your essay. In this Hub, I will focus on formatting print sources, such as books, magazines, journals, and articles. Any source that you cite in the main text of your paper is called an "in-text citation.
The full and complete information of each in-text citation is listed on the References page. Thus, only when you use an in-text citation do you add the complete information to the References page. Before we learn how to format different print sources, let me give you an example of an in-text citation and how it relates to the References page. This will give you a visual understanding of how APA style wants you to cite sources.
Do you notice the in-text citation? If not, I pointed a big red arrow to it. Because this writer is paraphrasing unique information from three authors of a journal article, he must cite the authors as the source of the information. The above image is a snapshot of the References page at least the beginning of one since your paper will have many more references.
Do you see how the in-text citation in the main text corresponds to the full source on a separate References page, and the reason why? To keep your paper coherent and readable, APA style avoids stuffing all of the bibliographic details for every citation in the main text of the paper. A separate page i. I will now show you how to format print sources for your References page.
At the end I will show you what a completed References page looks like. Lastly, I will tell you the mechanics, such as margins, typeface, spacing, and all the boring stuff. It is common that you will also need to provide the volume and issue of the publication because readers will appreciate this extra information. Add the volume italicized after the name of the publication separated by a comma , followed by the page number s.
To add the issue as well, enclose the issue number in parenthesis in plain text next to the volume without a space , as in this example:. You do not need to list page numbers for a book citation, such as:. If you plan to use data from a printed graph or illustration in your paper, place the title of the graph in brackets after the publication date, such as:. Formatting a source from a magazine article is similar to formatting a citation for an article published in a journal.
The one difference is that you can include the month, day and year of publication if available , whereas a journal article only requires the month and year. If the entire article runs on separate pages, then use a comma to indicate discontinuous pages. You may choose to add a book review or product review as part of your sources list. If so, you just need to signify the fact that this source is a review of a book, meaning the actual book is not the source. List the fact that this is a review, along with the book or product that's being reviewed, inside square brackets, while also listing the publication in which the review appeared and the issue number of the publication both in italics , followed by the page numbers.
Also, be sure to start the paragraph with the name of the author of the review, rather than the author of the book, such as:. Do not bold-face or italicize it.
Thus, your first reference is two lines below References. Based on the first entry in the references paragraph, which usually is an author's name, always alphabetize all listings. When listing the author names, start with the last name, followed by the first name, or first initial, and middle initial.
If you have between two and seven authors, list all of them, separated by commas, with an ampersand before the last author's name. If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors of the source, followed by ellipses, and then the last author listed on the source.
Place the publication date in parenthesis, including the month and day if possible, such as:
Quick Essay Reference Page Tips written by: Deidra Alexander • edited by: Elizabeth Wistrom • updated: 3/2/ Here is a quick guide to making a reference page in .
A reference page lists the works cited in the text of an essay. You have several formats at your disposal to create a list of references. For example, APA style guidelines are very popular and easy to use.
Aug 31, · Expert Reviewed. How to Reference Essays. Three Methods: Using MLA Using APA Using Chicago Manual of Style Community Q&A When you begin writing a research essay, you must take into account the format of your writing and reference fast-tri-29.cf: K. Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, .
Oct 12, · In APA style a References page (also known as a Reference List page) is a separate page at the end of your paper that includes all of the sources that you've cited throughout your paper. Usually it is a single page of references, alphabetized by author. It includes all of the essential information to guide the reader back to a specific source to find additional fast-tri-29.cfs: 3. The reference page is a separate page that comes at the end of the essay and lists your sources in alphabetical order by last name of the author. Detailed information is important, including date, type of publication, volume and issue number and publisher information.