Various policies, decisions and initiatives by the government, judiciary and interested conservation organisations have directly or indirectly affected the management of our wild areas. Strong laws-stronger enforcement Amidst all the gloom and doom for wildlife, the year has actually seen major gains on the legal front. In a rare show of consensus the parliament of India passed the Wildlife Protection Amendment Bill, The amended Wildlife Protection Act, is stronger with several new clauses and important amendments making it the bulwark and guardian of wildlife and its habitat.
Penalties for hunting wild animals have been increased to a minimum of three years in order to ensure that killing of endangered animals including the tiger and elephant, now qualify as non-bailable offenses. A new clause now empowers enforcement authorities to effect forfeiture of property derived from illegal hunting or trade of wildlife.
To ensure better protection of wildlife habitats, illegal encroaches within national parks or wildlife sanctuaries can now be evicted and structures removed; no construction of commercial tourist lodges, hotels and zoos can be allowed without the prior approval of the National Board for Wildlife.
The commercial exploitation of forest produce has now been made illegal. The judiciary too has joined hands towards conservation of forests and wildlife. To assist and effectively monitor the implementation and compliance of several landmark orders, the Supreme Court directed the Union Government to constitute the Central Empowered Committee CEC.
Since then the CEC has gone on to make several important recommendations on critical matters concerning wildlife that include winding up of mining in Kudremukh, complete ban on logging including removal of dead and wind fallen trees in protected areas and ban on regularisation of encroached forest land.
All these have been major gains for wildlife conservation that conservationists can actually cheer about. Events in Karnataka The past year has been a fruitful year for the conservation scenario in Karnataka. Several important events and initiatives were taken up during this period that would set a new trend in the protected areas of our state.
The apex court of our country passed a landmark judgment ordering the closure of the ecologically devastating mining operations carried out in Kudremukh National Park. This rainforest habitat is a biodiversity treasure trove and home to several endangered wildlife species including the lion-tailed macaque. The decision to stop mining would not only save such niche specialist species but also protect the livelihood of millions of marginal farmers dependent on the Bhadra, Tunga and Nethravathi rivers that originate in the forests of Kudremukh.
The court clearly rejected the arguments of economic benefits in favour of the ecological benefits for the society from these fragile eco-system. This is viewed as a land mark judgment in the history of wildlife conservation in India. Positive Political Will The Chief Minister of Karnataka in response to public opinion took an environmentally sound and socially responsible decision to save the Kudremukh National Park from the ravages of mining.
In yet another positive move in August the Chief Minister, in response to an appeal by conservation organisations, took a visionary decision of stopping timber extraction from the forested catchments of Kodagu; directed senior officials of the Government to develop a plan for consolidation of the area as a wildlife reserve and approach the UNESCO which is considering a proposal to notify the area as a World Heritage Site.
This decision assumes greater importance in the wake of poor monsoons in Kaveri delta and the severe drought faced by the state and will go a long way in protecting the watershed of Kaveri, the river of hope and prosperity of several million farmers in the states of Karnataka and Tamilnadu. For such positive political will to actually translate to on the ground action a dynamic and responsive bureaucracy needs to be in place.
The new Chief Wildlife Warden of Karnataka has exhibited such dynamism by proactively initiating several systemic changes after taking charge of the Wildlife Wing which urgently needed priming. He has already articulated a strategy that includes consolidation of habitats, strengthening of protection and minimal developmental works like roads, buildings and so on inside wildlife reserves.
Emerging Solutions The voluntary resettlement of people residing inside Bhadra Tiger Reserve has emerged as a model project and is more or less complete with most of the families shifting out of the reserve. Signs of wildlife returning to the earlier inhabited areas are already clear.
Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the environment and provides stability to different natural processes of nature. It can be found in all ecosystems, desert, rainforests, plains and other areas. India's wildlife is both rich and varied, it includes all flora and fauna, animals, plants and macro organisms. Wildlife is important for its beauty, economic, scientific and survival value. It helps to maintain the ecological balance of nature and maintains the food chain.
It provides useful substances and wild animal products like ivory, leather, honey, tusk etc. Besides being a country's cultural asset it also provides aesthetic value to man.
We largely depend on wildlife for every elementary requirement in our life eg. Wildlife conservation encompasses all human activities and efforts directed to preserve wild animal from extinction it involves both protection and scientific management of wild species. Wildlife and nature have largely being associated which humans for numerous emotional and social reasons.
Wildlife plays an essential role in the ecological and biological processes that are yet again significant to life. The normal functioning of the biosphere depends on endless interaction among animals, plants and micro organisms. Wildlife has occupied a special place of veneration and preservation in various cultures of the world. Micro organisms spelling is wrong in the above paragraph.
Article shared by. Essay on Wildlife Conservation! Like forests, wildlife is also a national resource, which not only helps in maintaining the ecological balance but is also beneficial from economic, recreational and aesthetic points of view.
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