One study of 16, secondary school pupils showed that people involved in bullying were more likely to suffer from depression and to have suicidal thoughts. Other research shows that those involved in bullying are more likely to develop psychosomatic symptoms. These are physical symptoms that have no physical cause. They include insomnia, headaches, stomach aches and non-specific feelings of being unwell.
Academic performance can be seriously degraded through bullying, leading to intense feelings of helplessness and loneliness. Teen bullying victims can become isolated and withdrawn, even from people who try to encourage and support them. They may be reluctant to take part in sports and other group activities. This can affect both mental and physical development. Some people may be more profoundly affected by bullying than others. Any of the short-term effects can mutate into long-term effects, especially if the bullying takes place persistently.
As with most types of illness, the more established the illness becomes, the harder it is to treat. People involved in bullying may even develop mental health problems many years after the bullying has taken place.
Bullies and their targets may struggle to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships. Lack of self-confidence and self-esteem affects educational achievements and income potential.
One research project showed that targets of bullying earned less at age 50 than their non-bullied peers. Many teens who are victims of bullying are reluctant to make parents, teachers or other responsible adults aware of the problem.
They may fear that the bullying will intensify if they draw attention to it. A single act of bullying can cause diminished self-esteem that can last a lifetime. A child who is bullied feels powerless and their self-identity as a competent person who is able to protect himself in the world becomes wounded. As an adult, victims of bullying may have doubts about their ability to handle social situations, their ability to manage incidences of conflict or doubts about their worth.
These feelings of weakness or incompetence can haunt them in their education, their work lives and in their relationships. Increasing feelings of anxiety or depression are often a consequence of a bullying experience as people relive the loss of control and helplessness of the experience.
Substance abuse can also occur. These negative feelings can intensify over time and last well into adulthood unless treated with therapy and medications, if needed. In some cases, the effects of the loss of control that occurs during a bullying experience can turn around and become an anger problem. The intense feeling of helplessness people feel when being bullied can become deeply ingrained and can explode in outbursts of rage whenever the person feels he is being threatened or cornered.
This behavior can lead to problems at work and in personal relationships. The emotional effects of having been bullied can be deeply suppressed and can lead to episodes of poor health. The experience can cause the individual to withdraw from social contact with their peers, because they lose confidence in their ability to manage these relationships and no longer trust others to accept them as they are.
This reaction can have very damaging effects on the individual who may become withdrawn, which often increases the impact of emotional problems and may even lead to suicide. Children who have been bullied and who show signs of withdrawal should begin counseling immediately to begin healing the emotional damage.
It's up to parents to ensure that kids aren't bullying or being bullied online and in-person. With proper digital parenting, parents can be knowledgeable and reactive to these circumstances.
Bullying can be obvious or subtle, and it can occur both in childhood and adulthood. While bullying can have long-term impacts, it can also have immediate, short-term, recognizable outcomes. The impacts of bullying are often psychological and behavioral, but they may also be physical.
Long term psychological effects A recent study led by a group of scientists in Norway investigated long-term psychological effects of bullying on adolescents and the associated mental health problems that arise in adulthood as a result.
Childhood bullying has serious effects on both short and long-term health of children. Immediate intervention and long-term follow-up can help mediate some of these effects. It is imperative that schools, families, and communities work together to understand bullying and its consequences and find ways to decrease, and hopefully eradicate, bullying both in schools and communities. The Long Term Effects of Physical vs. Relational / Verbal Bullying While physical bullying is often dealt with harshly by schools, verbal and relational bullying can be more damaging, is often undetectable and can continue for years without consequence.
Short-Term Effects of Teen Bullying Bullying can cause mental illness. Mental illness is a broad term that refers to conditions that create disorder in a person’s mood, thought processes and behavior. 1 Examples include anxiety disorders, eating disorders and depression. There are short and long term effects of bullying that should be noted for both the victim and the bully. It is important to realize that once it is determined a bullying situation exists, immediate help needs to be given both the victim and the bully.